Merra info

last update: Mar. 2017

   Data description Inputs - Outputs - Automatic access

Data description

MERRA dataset is a database hosted by NASA and generated by the Godard Space Flight Center. All results are produced by a numerical weather forecast model (GEOS-5).

To improve forecasts, data are assimilated in the numerical model; it means data from meteorological ground stations and satellites for example are compared to the forecast at the right time. If forecast is far from 'reality' it is corrected in accordance to observations. Such corrected forecasts with a maximal number of observations are called re-analysis.

  • Provider: NASA (
  • Spatial coverage: worldwide
  • Spatial resolution: 0.625° in latitude and 0.5° in longitude (approx. 50 km)
  • Temporal coverage: Jan. 1980 until approx. one month before the current day
  • Outputs parameters: Temperature in Kelvins (at 2 m above ground), Relative Humidity in % (at 2 m), Pressure in hPa (at 2 m), Wind speed in m/s and direction in degrees (at 10 m)
  • Time step: 1 month, 1 day, 1 hour, and soon 15 min, 10 min, 5 min and 1 min
  • Access:
    • Manual access via the interface is for free. Manual requests with a time step below 10 min are limited to 1 month.
    • Automatic access for pay: a fee is applied to buy and maintain the servers (annual subscription). Don't hesitate to contact us to ask for a quotation.
  • Request characteristics / constraints:

    • All requests with a time step below 10 min are limited to one month, and automatic requests with a time step below one day limited to one year (identical to HelioClim-3 request behavior)
    • for a given location results from a bilinear interpolation of the values of the 4 closest MERRA pixels. Original time step is the hour.
    • No altitude correction applied to the meteorological parameters retrieved by using this service.
  • Remarks:
    • Wind speed and direction are not directly provided by MERRA, but computed from the "u" and "v" vectors of wind speed. As the formula are not linear, please note that the monthly (or daily) values computed from the hourly values of wind speed are different from the monthly values retrieved from the interface.
    • Same remark for the relative humidity parameter, computed with a non-linear expression from pressure, temperature and specific humidity.
    • Other variables (pressure and temperature) are linear.
    • For values with a time step below the hour, the hypothesis corresponds to the end of the interval.


  • Latitude and longitude: enter the values in decimal degrees, or directly click on the map to select your point, or you can also use the "Search Address" tool on the top of the map.
  • Start date and End date: format yyyy-mm-dd. Please pay attention to ask for complete months when asking for monthly values. If incomplete, the given monthly value results from an interpolation based on the selected days.
  • Time step: monthly, daily, and hourly.
  • Output format: CSV only


The output file format is CSV. Click right on the link to retrieve your file.

Automatic access

Even if the data provided by NASA are for free, we need to dimension our servers to welcome the large number of automatic requests. A fee is thus applied depending on the number of time series retrieved every day / month. Please for a quotation.

Here is an example of automatic access using the wget command:  
wget -O test_merra.csv --header="soda-user: login" --header="soda-passwd: password" ...
",-3.5537&firstday=2011-01-01 ...

More information on the automatic access (a few parameters are similar to those of HelioClim-3)